Portrait of Pauline of Württemberg (1800-1873), Queen consort of Württemberg (1820-1864), 1831
Pauline of Württemberg (4 September 1800 – 10 March 1873) was a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. She married her first cousin King William I of Württemberg and was his consort. Pauline Therese was born in Riga, one of the five children of Duke Louis of Württemberg and his wife Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. Her siblings included Maria Dorothea, Archduchess of Austria; Amelia, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen; Elisabeth Alexandrine, Princess of Baden, and Duke Alexander of Württemberg. Her paternal grandparents were Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. Her maternal grandparents were Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg and Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau, a daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange. On 15 April 1820 in Stuttgart, Pauline Therese married her first cousin King William I of Württemberg. Pauline thus became Queen consort of Württemberg. As his third wife, their marriage was unhappy, particularly because of the deep attachment William showed to his mistress, the actress Amalia Stubenrauch. Nevertheless, they had three children including the future King Charles I. Pauline also served as a stepmother to Marie and Sophie, future Queen of the Netherlands; they were William's daughters from his second marriage to Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia. William I died at Schloss Rosenstein in Stuttgart on June 25, 1864. Upon his death, their alienation became known to the public; Pauline was completely excluded from her inheritance in his will. She died at Stuttgart, nine years later, on 10 March 1873, having lived her last years in Switzerland. Pauline had been very popular, not only for the kindness she showed to her subjects but also for the devotion she showed to the poor.
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