Portrait of Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), Queen consort of France (1774-1791), Queen consort of the French (1791-1792), Dauphine of France (1770-1774), 1783
Marie-Antoinette-Josèphe-Jeanne d'Autriche-Lorraine (born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria, and was the penultimate child of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. In April 1770, upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne, she became Dauphine of France. On 10 May 1774, when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI, she assumed the title Queen of France and Navarre, which she held until September 1791, when, as the French Revolution proceeded, she became Queen of the French, a title she held until 21 September 1792. On 21 September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. After a two-day trial began on 14 October 1793, Marie Antoinette was convicted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of high treason and executed by guillotine on the Place de la Révolution on 16 October 1793.
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