Portrait of Charles the Bold (1433-1477), Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg, Margrave of Namur; Count of Artois, Flanders, Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland; Count Palatine of Burgundy (1467-1477)
Charles the Bold (French: Charles le Téméraire, Dutch: Karel de Stoute, 10 November 1433 – 5 January 1477), baptised Charles Martin, was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. He was the last Duke of Burgundy from the House of Valois. His early death at the Battle of Nancy at the hands of Swiss mercenaries fighting for René II, Duke of Lorraine, was of great consequence in European history. The Burgundian domains, long wedged between the growing powers of France and the Habsburg Empire, were divided, but the precise disposition of the vast and disparate territorial possessions involved was disputed among the European powers for centuries.
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