Portrait of Pedro IV (1798-1834), King of Portugal (1826), Crown Prince of Portugal (1816-1826), Emperor of Brazil (Pedro I) from 1822 to 1831, 1824
Dom Pedro I (English: Peter I; 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834), was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil. As King Dom Pedro IV, he reigned briefly over Portugal, where he also became known as "the Liberator". Born in Lisbon, Pedro I was the fourth child of King Dom João VI of Portugal and Queen Carlota Joaquina, and thus a member of the House of Braganza. When their country was invaded by French troops in 1807, he and his family fled to Portugal's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil. The outbreak of the Liberal Revolution of 1820 in Lisbon compelled Pedro I's father to return to Portugal in April 1821, leaving him to rule Brazil as regent.
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