Portrait of Ferdinand of Austria (1609-1641), Infante of Spain; Archbishop of Toledo and Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church (1619-1641), Governor of the Duchy of Milan (1633-1634), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (1634-1641)
Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (Don Fernando de Austria; May 1609 – 9 November 1641) was Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Cardinal of the Holy Catholic Church, Infante of Spain, Infante of Portugal (until 1640), Archduke of Austria, Archbishop of Toledo (1619–1641), and military commander during the Thirty Years' War. Born at the Escorial near Madrid, Spain in 1609, he was the son of the King of Spain and Portugal, Philip III and II and Margaret of Austria, sister of Emperor Ferdinand II. His older siblings were King Philip IV and III and the French Queen Anne of Austria. As his father wished that he pursue an ecclesiastical career, Ferdinand was elevated to the Primacy of Spain in 1619, becoming Archbishop of Toledo. Shortly afterwards he was created Cardinal. The style Cardinal-Infante was a combination of his dignity as Cardinal and his station as a royal Prince of Spain.
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