Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Divisional general (1795), First Consul of the French Republic (1799-1804), Emperor of the French (1804-1814; 1815), King of Italy (1805-1814), Mediator of the Swiss Confederation (1803-1813), Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine (1806-1813), Sovereign of the Island of Elba (1814-1815), 1806
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.
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