Portrait of Marie de' Medici (1575-1642), Queen consort of France and Navarre (1600-1610), Regent of the Kingdom of France (1610-1614), Head of the Royal Council (1614-1617), 1605
Marie de' Medici (French: Marie de Médicis; 26 April 1575 – 3 July 1642) was Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici. She married Henry IV of France in October 1600 following the annulment of his marriage to Margaret of Valois. Following the assassination of her husband in 1610, which occurred the day after her coronation, she acted as regent for her son, King Louis XIII of France, until 1617, when he came of age. She was noted for her ceaseless political intrigues at the French court and extensive artistic patronage. She was born as Maria at the Palazzo Pitti of Florence, Italy, the sixth daughter of Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Archduchess Joanna of Austria.
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