Catherine de' Medici (1519-1589), Duchess of Orléans (1533-1536), Dauphine of France (1536-1547), Queen consort of France (1547-1559), Regent of France (1560-1563)
Catherine de' Medici (Italian: Caterina de' Medici; French: Catherine de Médicis; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and of Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II. As the mother of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France. From 1560 to 1563, she ruled France as regent for her son Charles IX, King of France.
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