Portrait of Thomas Wentworth (1593-1641), Baron Wentworth (1628), Viscount Wentworth (1629), 1st Earl of Strafford (1640), President of the Council of the North (1628), Lord Deputy of Ireland (1633-1640), Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1640-1641), Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire (1628-1641)
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (13 April 1593 – 12 May 1641) was an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He served in Parliament and was a supporter of King Charles I. From 1632–40 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland, where he established a strong authoritarian rule. Recalled to England, he became a leading advisor to the King, attempting to strengthen the royal position against Parliament. When Parliament condemned Wentworth to death, Charles reluctantly signed the death warrant and Wentworth was executed. Wentworth was born in London. He was the son of Sir William Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, near Rotherham, a member of an old Yorkshire family, and of Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Atkins of Stowell, Gloucestershire. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, became a law student at the Inner Temple in 1607, and in 1611 was knighted. Wentworth was not directly involved in the government of the country. However, following the assassination of Buckingham, in December 1628, he became Viscount Wentworth and not long afterwards president of the Council of the North. In November 1629 Wentworth became a privy counsellor. In January 1632, he was made Lord Deputy of Ireland, arriving in Dublin in July 1633.
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