Portrait of Peter Leopold I (1747-1792), Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-1790); Holy Roman Emperor (Leopold II), King of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Brabant, Limburg, Luxembourg and Milan, Count of Flanders, Hainaut and Namur (1790-1792)
Leopold II (5 May 1747 – 1 March 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa On the death of his father, Francis I (18 August 1765), he succeeded to the grand duchy of Tuscany. For five years, Leopold exercised little more than nominal authority, under the supervision of counselors appointed by his mother. In 1770, he made a journey to Vienna to secure the removal of this vexatious guardianship and returned to Florence with a free hand. During the twenty years that elapsed between his return to Florence and the death of his eldest brother Joseph II in 1790, he was employed in reforming the administration of his small state. He and Joseph II were tenderly attached to one another and met frequently both before and after the death of their mother.
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