Portrait of Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482), Duchess of Brabant, Limburg, Lothier, Luxemburg and Guelders, Margravine of Namur, Countess Palatine of Burgundy, Countess of Artois, Flanders, Charolais, Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Zutphen (with Maximilian of Austria) from 1477 to 1482.
Mary (French: Marie de Bourgogne; German: Maria von Burgund; 13 February 1457 – 27 March 1482), as the only child of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon, she inherited the duchy upon the death of her father in the Battle of Nancy on 5 January 1477. Mary of Burgundy was born in Brussels at the ducal castle of Coudenberg, to Charles the Bold, then known as the Count of Charolais, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon. Philip the Good died in 1467 and Mary's father assumed control of the duchy of Burgundy. Since her father had no living sons at the time of his accession, Mary became his heir presumptive. Her father controlled a vast and wealthy domain made up of the Duchy of Burgundy, the Free County of Burgundy, and the majority of the Low Countries. As a result, her hand in marriage was eagerly sought by a number of princes. Mary assumed the rule of her father's domains upon his defeat in battle and death on 5 January 1477. King Louis XI of France seized the opportunity to attempt to take possession of the Duchy of Burgundy proper and also the regions of Franche-Comté, Picardy and Artois. Mary soon made her choice among the many suitors for her hand by selecting Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the future Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who became her co-ruler. The marriage took place at Ghent on the evening of 16 August 1477.
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