Portrait of Maria Luisa of Spain (1745-1792), Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia (1790-1792), Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1765-1790), 1790
Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain (German: María Ludovica von Spanien; 24 November 1745 – 15 May 1792) was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany as the spouse of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. Maria Luisa was born in Portici, in Campania, the site of the summer palace of her parents, Charles, King of Naples and Sicily and Maria Amalia of Saxony. Her father, the future Charles III of Spain, had become King of Naples and Sicily in 1735 after its occupation by the Spanish in the War of Polish Succession. After her father became King of Spain at the death of Ferdinand VI of Spain, in 1759, she became known as Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, and she moved with her family to Spain. On 16 February 1764 she was married by proxy at Madrid to Leopold, the second son of Empress Maria Theresa. The couple arrived to Florence 13 September 1765. They were settled in the Palazzo Pitti. In 1790, on the death of Leopold's childless brother, Joseph II, Maria Luisa's husband inherited the Habsburg lands in Central Europe, and was shortly thereafter elected Holy Roman Emperor. Taking the name of Leopold II, the new Emperor moved his family to Vienna, where Maria Luisa took on the role of imperial consort, being the penultimate one and the last to have had held the title until husband's death. Leopold died scarcely two years later, on 1 March 1792. Maria Luisa followed her husband to the grave in less than three months, not living long enough to see her eldest son Francis elected as the last Holy Roman Emperor.
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